Windows 7 / Networking

Configuring and Deploying Remote Desktop Connection

After you have enabled Remote Desktop on the host computer, you must configure the RDC client software on the client computer. You can configure RDC in several ways:

  • Click Start, click All Programs, click Accessories, and then click Remote Desktop Connection. This opens the Remote Desktop Connection UI.
  • Type mstsc at a command prompt or in the Search box to open the Remote Desktop Connection UI, or type mstsc followed by various parameters to customize how the RDC client software will run. For help with Mstsc.exe parameters, type mstsc /? at a command prompt.
  • Use Notepad to manually edit an *.rdp file previously saved from the Remote Desktop Connection UI. For more information, read the section titled "Configuring Remote Desktop Connection Using Notepad" later in this tutorial.
  • Configure those Remote Desktop Services Group Policy settings that apply to Remote Desktop.

Table below summarizes the configuration options available on the different tabs of the Remote Desktop Connection client UI.

Configuration Options for Remote Desktop Connection Client

GeneralLogon Settings: ComputerSpecifies the FQDN or IP address (can be IPv4 or IPv6) of the host computer.
Logon Settings: User NameSpecifies the user account to be used to establish the Remote Desktop session. This is displayed only when credentials from previous Remote Desktop sessions have been saved.
Logon Settings: Always Ask For CredentialsSelect this check box to require the user to always supply credentials. This is displayed only when credentials from previous Remote Desktop sessions have been saved.
Connection SettingsSaves the current configuration of RDC client as an *.rdp file or opens a previously saved *.rdp file.
DisplayDisplay ConfigurationChanges the size of your remote desktop.
Use All My Monitors For The Remote SessionConfigures the Remote Desktop session monitor layout to match the current client-side configuration.
ColorsSpecifies color depth for your remote desktop.
Display The Connection Bar When In Full-Screen ModeMakes it easier to use Remote Desktop in fullscreen mode without needing to remember keyboard shortcuts.
Local ResourcesRemote AudioControls where remote audio is played back and whether it should be recorded.
KeyboardSpecifies how Windows key combinations, such as Alt+Tab, behave when used from within a Remote Desktop session.
Local Devices And Resources: PrintersPrints to network computers connected to the host computer from within the Remote Desktop session without having to install additional drivers.
Local Devices And Resources: ClipboardShares a clipboard between the client and host computers.
Local Devices And Resources: MoreRedirects additional devices local to the host computer to the remote client including serial ports, smart cards, disk drives, and supported PnP devices such as media players and digital cameras.
ProgramsStart A ProgramSpecifies a program that should automatically start when your Remote Desktop session is established.
ExperiencePerformance: Choose Your Connection Speed To Optimize PerformanceSpecifies the connection speed closest to actual available network bandwidth to obtain the optimal mix of functionality and performance for your Remote Desktop session.
Desktop Background
Font Smoothing
Desktop Composition
Show Window Contents
While Dragging
Menu And Window
Visual Styles
Persistent Bitmap Caching
Enables or disables each desktop user interface feature that is indicated.
Reconnect If Connection Is DroppedSpecifies that the RDC client should attempt to re-establish a connection with the remote host if the connection between them is unexpectedly terminated.
AdvancedServer Authentication: Authentication OptionsSpecifies whether unauthenticated Remote Desktop sessions should be allowed; if they are allowed, specify whether a warning message should be displayed. For more information, see the sidebar titled "Remote Desktop Connection Server Authentication" later in this tutorial.
Connect From Anywhere: SettingsConfigures Remote Desktop Gateway (RD Gateway) settings to allow RDC clients to connect to remote computers behind corporate firewalls.

Note In enterprise environments, administrators can also preconfigure RDC client configurations and save them as Remote Desktop files (*.rdp files). These *.rdp files can then be deployed to users as e-mail attachments or copied from a network share using a logon script.

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In this tutorial:

  1. Connecting Remote Users and Networks
  2. Enhancements for Connecting Remote Users and Networks in Windows 7
  3. Understanding IKEv2
  4. Understanding MOBIKE
  5. Understanding VPN Reconnect
  6. Protocols and Features of VPN Reconnect
  7. How VPN Reconnect Works
  8. Understanding DirectAccess
  9. Benefits of DirectAccess
  10. How DirectAccess Works
  11. Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2
  12. Ipv6
  13. IPsec
  14. Perimeter Firewall Exceptions
  15. Implementing DirectAccess
  16. Understanding BranchCache
  17. Benefits of BranchCache
  18. How BranchCache Works
  19. Protocols Supported by BranchCache
  20. Implementing BranchCache
  21. Supported Connection Types
  22. Outgoing Connection Types
  23. Incoming Connection Types
  24. Deprecated Connection Types
  25. Supported Tunneling Protocols
  26. Comparing the Different Tunneling Protocols
  27. Understanding Cryptographic Enhancements
  28. Support for AES
  29. Weak Cryptography Removal from PP TP/L2TP
  30. Supported Authentication Protocols
  31. Understanding the VPN Connection Negotiation Process
  32. Creating and Configuring VPN Connection
  33. Creating a VPN Connection
  34. Initiating a Connection
  35. Terminating a Connection
  36. Viewing Connection Details
  37. Configuring a VPN Connection
  38. Configuring Security Settings for a VPN Connection
  39. Configuring the Tunneling Protocol (s) Used
  40. Configuring Advanced Connection Settings
  41. Configuring the Data Encryption Level
  42. Configuring the Authentication Method Used
  43. Configuring Authentication for IKEv2 connections
  44. Configuring Mobility for IKEv2 Connections
  45. Configuring Dial-Up Connections
  46. Creating a Dial-Up Connection
  47. Advanced Connection Settings
  48. Configuring Incoming Connections
  49. Managing Connections Using Group Policy
  50. Using Remote Desktop
  51. Understanding Remote Desktop
  52. Versions of RDP
  53. RDP 6.1 Features and Enhancements
  54. RDP 7.0 new features and enhancements
  55. RemoteApp and Desktop Connection
  56. Understanding RDC
  57. Understanding Remote Desktop Services Terminology
  58. Configuring and Using Remote Desktop
  59. Enabling Remote Desktop and Authorizing Users on a Single Computer
  60. Enabling Remote Desktop Using Group Policy
  61. Configuring and Deploying Remote Desktop Connection
  62. Configuring Remote Desktop Connection from the Command Line
  63. Configuring Remote Desktop Connection Using Notepad
  64. Configuring Remote Desktop Using Group Policy
  65. Establishing a Remote Desktop Session
  66. Improving Remote Desktop Performance
  67. Troubleshooting Remote Desktop Sessions
  68. Configuring and Using RemoteApp and Desktop Connection