Identifying Socket Types
Intel decided to develop a new standard for upgrading a processor on motherboards, beginning with the 80486 chips and continuing with the Pentium-class processors. This standard was called processor sockets. A processor socket is a socket designed to hold a specific processor chip with the appropriate number of pins. This enabled Intel to develop new chips with compatibility of a particular socket in mind. For example, if a socket is developed with 321 pins, Intel could develop a new processor that has 321 pins and know that the processor will work with any motherboard that has the right socket. This allows the consumer to upgrade a processor much easier than in the past. Intel could design a new chip for an old socket so that customers could update their computers by dropping the new processor in the compatible socket.
Original Pentium processors supported mainly Socket 5 with 320 pins or Socket 7 with 321 pins. Thus, to add a Pentium processor to a motherboard, you would have to find out what socket existed on that board and then purchase a CPU that would fit in that socket. You would also have to remember to match the voltage of the board to the voltage required by the CPU.
The sockets are normally labeled with the type of socket it is along the side of the socket. For example, the socket is labeled as PGA 370, meaning it's Socket 370 and will hold any processor designed for socket 370. Socket 370 is a socket that holds a processor containing 370 pins.
Table below lists the different types of sockets and the processors that are placed in the sockets. For more information about the processors, read the sections, "Looking at Popular Intel Processors" and "Don't Forget Non-Intel Chips," later in this tutorial. Table below also shows the number of pins associated with the different types of sockets.Processor Socket Types
|Socket||Processor||Number of Pins|
|Socket A||Later Athlon, Duron, and Athlon XP||462|
|Socket 1||80486, 80486DX2, 80486DX4||169|
|Socket 2||80486, 80486DX2, 80486DX4||238|
|Socket 3||80486, 80486DX2, 80486DX4||237|
|Socket 4||Pentium 60/66||273|
|Socket 5||Pentium 75-133||320|
|Socket 7||Pentium 75-200||321|
|Socket 8||Pentium Pro||387|
|Socket 370||Celeron and Pentium III||370|
|Socket 423||Pentium 4||423|
|Socket 478||Later Celerons and Pentium 4||478|
|Socket 603||Xeon (Pentium 4 version)||603|
|Slot 1||Pentium II and Pentium III||242|
It is important to know the socket types used to hold the Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4, Celeron, Athlon, Athlon XP, and Duron processors. You will not be expected to memorize the entire chart, but you should be familiar with the sockets used by today's popular processors.
Originally, the sockets were simply called Socket 1, Socket 2, and so on up to Socket 8. To make it easier to understand what processors went into which sockets, Intel started naming the sockets after the number of pins that existed on the processor that the socket would support. For example, Socket 370 holds a processor with 370 pins, while Socket 478 holds a processor with 478 pins. It is much easier now to identify what processors go into which sockets! Now that you understand some of the characteristics of processors and you understand what a socket is, take a look at some of the popular Intel.
In this tutorial:
- Understanding Processor Terminology
- Address bus
- Cache memory
- Math co-processor
- Dual core processors
- Identifying Socket Types
- Looking at Popular Intel Processors
- Pentium Pro
- Pentium II
- Pentium III
- Pentium 4
- Don't Forget Non-Intel Chips
- Installing a Processor
- Keeping a Processor Cool
- Installing a heat sink and fan