Deploying IPv6 Routing Protocols
One simple conclusion that can be drawn from the information presented in this tutorial so far is that the implementation and operation of the IPv6 RPs are similar to their IPv4 counterparts. This means that as far as routing is concerned, all design rules and strategies used in deploying IPv4 networks apply to IPv6. The approach has to be hierarchical and it has to observe the specifics of each layer of the network: core, distribution/edge, and access.
The network core is highly redundant to ensure uninterrupted service. The routing protocols deployed in the core have to leverage the infrastructure by providing fast reconvergence around failures. The traffic should be load balanced across the redundant, equal-cost paths.
The following IGPs are suitable for the network core:
- EIGRPIt is commonly used in enterprise networks. It could be used in the core of ISP networks, but to date has not been.
- OSPFIt is a scalable and fast-converging option that is commonly used in the core of both enterprise and ISP networks. It could be deployed in single or multiple areas, but it will impose topological constraints.
- IS-ISIt is commonly used in ISP networks and rarely in enterprise networks. Almost always, it is deployed in a single-area (level 2) design.
Note: Because it is expected that traffic engineering (TE) will be considered in IPv6 MPLS networks, it is important to remember that TE requires IS-IS or OSPF.
One of the main design concerns is the scale of the network in terms of number of nodes. OSPF topologies are limited by the network and router LSA size. IS-IS topologies are limited by the LSP count. In a well-designed network, these scalability limitations should not be encountered. If the same RP is used across the distribution/edge layer, however, OSPF should be using multiple areas (whereas IS-IS scales comfortably with its flat design). It is important to make sure that the distribution/edge layer is injecting a small number of prefixes in the core RPs, thus ensuring stability and rapid reconvergence.
IPv4 and IPv6 are expected to coexist in networks for a long time. This implies the coexistence of at least two RPs that have to be managed by the network operator and by the network devices. Some operators might not be willing to take on this task and prefer to minimize this impact of deploying IPv6 services. From this point of view, you have two options to consider:
- If the IPv6 topology can be identical with the IPv4 one in a dual-stack deployment, ISISv6 in single-topology mode addresses the manageability and resource duplication concerns.
- When tunneling (transition tunnels or 6PE) is used as an overlay to provide transport for IPv6 traffic, the IPv6 RP is not a concern for the IPv4 core. Inside the IPv6 network, iBGP running on edge routers (see the following section) can be used to exchange the IPv6 routing information, too. This implies the use of a single, already running RP for both IPv4 and IPv6.
In both of these cases, the operator will have to run a familiar protocol while saving router resources at the cost of some topology constraints. As the significance and amount of IPv6 traffic increases, the RP design of the network might need to be revisited to address new requirements.
In this tutorial:
- IPv6 Routing Protocols
- Distance Vector Routing Protocol
- Path Vector Routing Protocol
- Link-State Routing Protocol
- IPv6 Interior Gateway Protocols
- EIGRP for IPv6
- IS-IS for IPv6
- Use of MP-BGP Extensions for IPv6 Interdomain Routing
- Site Multihoming
- Deploying IPv6 Routing Protocols
- Network Distribution/Edge